The American Eskimo Dog

Friendly American Eskimo Dog
Friendly American Eskimo Dog


The American Eskimo Dog, affectionately known as the “Eskie,” is an eye-catching breed with its stunning white coat and playful, friendly demeanour.

This blog post will delve into the fascinating history, lovable personality, care requirements, health and wellbeing, and cost of owning an American Eskimo Dog.


Despite its name, the American Eskimo Dog has no direct link to the Eskimo culture or the Arctic regions. The breed’s origins trace back to Germany, where it was originally called the German Spitz.

German immigrants brought them to the United States in the early 20th century. During World War I, anti-German sentiment prompted a name change to the American Eskimo Dog.

Eskies gained popularity as performing dogs in circuses and became recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1995.


American Eskimo Dogs are known for their affectionate, outgoing, and lively personalities. They are intelligent, eager to please, and highly trainable, making them excellent family pets suitable for dog sports such as agility, obedience, and rally.

Eskies are also alert and make good watchdogs, as they bark to alert their owners of any unusual activity. However, early socialization and consistent training are essential to prevent excessive barking and ensure a well-rounded temperament.

Care Requirements

Eskies are energetic and require daily exercise to keep them mentally and physically fit. Regular walks and play sessions in a fenced yard or dog park can help them burn off energy and stay healthy.

Their dense, double-layered coat needs regular brushing (at least twice a week) to remove loose hair and prevent matting. During shedding season, more frequent grooming may be necessary.

Be sure to check their ears regularly for signs of infection and clean them as needed. Like all breeds, dental care is essential, so include regular tooth brushing and dental chews in your routine.

Health & Wellbeing

The American Eskimo Dog is a generally healthy breed with a 12-15 years lifespan. However, they can be prone to certain health issues, such as hip dysplasia, luxating patella, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), and cataracts.

Regular vet check-ups and screening tests can help detect and manage these conditions early. A balanced diet and monitoring weight are essential to prevent obesity and associated health problems.


The cost of an American Eskimo Dog puppy from a reputable breeder can range from $800 to $2,000, depending on factors such as pedigree, location, and availability. Ongoing expenses include food, grooming, regular vet visits, vaccinations, and parasite prevention.

Be prepared for unexpected costs, such as emergency vet care or long-term medications, as part of responsible dog ownership.


The American Eskimo Dog is an enchanting breed with a rich history and a loving, energetic personality. They can make wonderful companions and family pets with proper care, attention, and training.

If you’re looking for a beautiful, intelligent, and loyal companion, the American Eskimo Dog may be the perfect match for you.


How big does an American Eskimo Dog get?

American Eskimo Dogs come in Toy, Miniature, and Standard sizes. The Toy variety typically weighs 6-10 pounds and stands 9-12 inches at the shoulder. The Miniature variety weighs 10-20 pounds and measures 12-15 inches, while the Standard variety weighs 18-35 pounds and stands 15-19 inches tall. Remember that individual dogs may vary, and mixed breeds may not fit these size guidelines.

Are American Eskimo Dogs Hypoallergenic?

No, American Eskimo Dogs are not considered hypoallergenic. They have a dense double coat that regularly sheds, especially during shedding seasons. Regular grooming can help minimize shedding and keep the coat healthy, but it may not suit people with severe allergies.

How do I train my American Eskimo Dog?

American Eskimo Dogs are intelligent and eager to please, which makes them highly trainable. Start training early using positive reinforcement techniques, such as praise, treats, and toys. Consistency and patience are essential for successful training. Obedience classes or working with a professional trainer can be beneficial, especially for first-time dog owners.

Are American Eskimo Dogs good with other pets?

With proper socialization, American Eskimo Dogs can get along well with other pets, including dogs and cats. However, monitoring their interactions is important, especially during the initial introduction period. Some Eskies may have a higher prey drive, so be cautious when introducing them to smaller animals like rodents or birds.

How much exercise do American Eskimo Dogs need?

American Eskimo Dogs are energetic and require daily exercise to keep them mentally and physically healthy. Regular walks, play sessions, and dog sports like agility, obedience, or rally can provide the necessary exercise and mental stimulation. A bored or under-exercised Eskie may become destructive or develop behavioural issues.

Are American Eskimo Dogs good apartment dogs?

American Eskimo Dogs can adapt to apartment living, provided they receive adequate exercise and mental stimulation. Remember that they can be vocal, so training them to be quiet on command and providing sufficient mental engagement can help prevent excessive barking and disturbances to neighbours.

What is the best diet for an American Eskimo Dog?

A balanced, high-quality, age-appropriate dog food is crucial for maintaining your American Eskimo Dog’s overall health. Be sure to monitor portion sizes to prevent overfeeding and obesity. Consult your veterinarian if you have concerns about your dog’s diet or nutritional needs or if you’re considering a specialized diet, such as grain-free or raw food.

Can American Eskimo Dogs tolerate hot weather?

While American Eskimo Dogs are more suited to cold climates due to their thick double coat, they can adapt to warmer temperatures properly. Ensure your dog has access to shade, fresh water, and a cool resting place during hot weather. Avoid exercising your Eskie during the hottest part of the day, and watch for signs of heat stress or heatstroke.

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